It can also use a genoa. So I've come up with a system. Full-length battens means the sail is reinforced over the entire length. Cruiser boat – medium to large in size, a cruiser boat has sleeping quarters and a cabin, and it is great if you want to be out on the water for several days. Further down, the discription of the picture with the two German dinghies is incorrect. Speed, Handling or Weight. Code sails are fast and can have customized shapes; they are also a lot flatter than other spinnakers, with luffs that are very straight. Ox-Eye: An ox-eye is the warning of bad weather ahead; it usually refers to a cloud or something else which can indicate this type of weather is coming. Unlike a spinnaker, a gennaker isn't symmetric. A bigger sailor might choose a 6.5 m² sail in light winds, while a small person might get the same kind of ride with a smaller sail. In fact, the Laser dinghy is only 14 feet long and has been registered in over 120 countries, in part because people consider it easy to maneuver and easy to rig. It has less downwind performance than the spinnaker. I'll leave the three and four-masted rigs for now. If needed I can give you the details on the difference between gennakers and spinnakers correctly? The foot of the sail is attached to a boom whose angle is controlled by the main sheet. It is usually placed either on the rigging or the spar. The reef creates too much draft in the sail, which increases heeling. You need a special pole and track on your mast. Downwind sails can be used as light air sails, but not all light air sails can be used downwind. They can still sustain a speed of about 6-8km/h in low winds, making them "all-round" server travel boats. What are the different types of sails? They are sailing spinnakers, on a spinnaker pole. Accordingly, the number-one genoas are approximately 155%; and the number-two genoas can be in the 125-140% range. Tell Tales: Tell tales are light strips of material that let you know whether the air stream is turbulent or smooth. Built in the U.S. using cloth from one of the industry's leading manufacturers. Large sails are typically good for downwind use, small sails are good for upwind use. What is the difference between a gennaker & spinnaker? We've created an entire system for recognizing rig types. The mainsail is in use most of the time. Click here if you just want to scroll through a bunch of pictures, I have a big table below that explains the sail types and uses in detail, 17 Sailboat Types Explained: How To Recognize Them, 9 Ways to Learn to Sail for (Practically) Free, Guide to Understanding Sail Rig Types (with Pictures), Average Cost of Buying & Owning a Sailboat (With 4 Examples), Genoa - large jib that overlaps the mainsail, Spinnaker - large balloon-shaped downwind sail for light airs, Gennaker - crossover between a Genoa and Spinnaker, Code Zero or Screecher - upwind spinnaker, Drifter or reacher - a large, powerful, hanked on genoa, but made from lightweight fabric, Windseeker - tall, narrow, high-clewed, and lightweight jib, Trysail - smaller front-and-aft mainsail for heavy weather, Mainsail: The large sail behind the mast which is attached to the mast and boom, Headsail: The small sail in front of the mast, attached to the mast and forestay (ie. Windward: The windward direction is the direction towards the wind. Boats with one mast can have either one sail, two sails, or three or more sails. Since then I've enjoyed sailing very much - and I've never been afraid of the water again. In addition, a jib sail sometimes counteracts the mainsail turning force around the pivot point of the vessel. You'll still get caught by schooners sporting 3x speed sails, but you're faster than pretty much anything else. It was only in the 20th century that sails were made from synthetic fibers, which were much stronger and durable. (Don't worry if you don't yet understand some of the words, I'll explain all of them in a bit). Close Reach: A close reach means any angle to the wind that is between a beam reach and close-hauled. Clews are movable, and they are positioned with running rigging. A triangular headsail is also called a jib. Great post and video! Day Sailer – made for someone who just wants to be out on the water for several hours; it has no sleeping accommodations, but you can still take a nap in it if you like. A storm jib is a small triangular staysail for use in heavy weather. Beam: The beam is the widest section of the boat; it can also refer to the area alongside of the boat at its midpoint (when looking at it lengthwise). The jib is the headsail (frontsail) on a front-and-aft rig. By the way: we think that Viking sails were made from wool and leather, which is quite impressive if you ask me. Without getting into the specific special high speed designs, just note that these are built for speed, and not for comfort. Downhaul is very important. Laminates are as strong as Dacron, but a lot lighter - which matters with sails weighing up to 100 kg (220 pounds). Windage: Refers to the wind resistance of the boat. Crafting [edit | edit source] You need to learn the Skill "Small Speed Sail" in Seamanship. The luff is the leading edge of the fore-and-aft sail, and it is parallel to the mast; the leech is the trailing edge, and it is considered either side of the symmetrical sail; finally, the foot is the bottom edge, and it is often attached to a boom. His book is truly grounded in real world experience but like a lot of very knowledgable people discussing their area of expertise, Hal uses a lot of terms that I probably should have known but didn’t, until now. The bigger the ship the faster but 2 small speed sails faster then 1 but 2 Medium easily destroys 2 small and so on. For drifting conditions, before wave making resistance becomes significant, the wetted surface is much more of a factor. In the farthest boat, you can see a small piece of the pole. It's small, triangular, and it uses a permanently attached pennant. I’ve added it to the article. This downwind sail has the largest sail area, and it's capable of moving a boat with very light wind. 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